Do you have chronic nose mucus, sneezing, or congestion? You may have Rhinitis.
Our noses produce a clear, thin, yet sticky substance called mucus. Mucus traps dust, pollen, bacteria, and viruses so that they don’t make their way farther into the body and cause problems.
The term “Rhinitis” means inflammation of the nose and typically occurs when the body responds to irritants or allergens (particles that trigger an allergic reaction) by creating more mucus, sneezing, or congestion. This reaction is often temporary and helps expel the irritants but occasionally it can become chronic (lasting longer than two months), especially in those with allergies.
Some common symptoms of rhinitis include:
The different types of rhinitis are classified mainly based on their causes:
Allergic Rhinitis: Allergens, which are particles such as dust, pet dander, and pollen, can trigger an allergic response in an individual’s nose. In allergic rhinitis, these allergens trigger the symptoms of rhinitis and can be quite miserable for some people. Allergic rhinitis can be seasonal, occurring only in a particular season such as Spring or Fall. Most seasonal allergies are caused by pollen from trees, weeds or grasses. Those who experience rhinitis symptoms year round, may suffer from perennial allergic rhinitis. The primary culprits in perennial allergic rhinitis are typically allergies to animal dander, dust mites, mold, and cockroach debris.
Non-allergic Rhinitis: Irritants such as smoke or other inhaled chemicals cause non-allergic rhinitis. Structural defects (such a deviated septum), the overuse of decongestant nasal sprays and even hormonal changes can cause inflammation of the nasal passageways as well. Certain medications and even alcohol can cause the mucosal lining to become congested leading to the many symptoms of rhinitis.
Infectious Rhinitis: The common cold is probably the most common type of infectious rhinitis and occurs when the body detects a virus in the upper respiratory tract. The body then responds by increasing the amount of mucus and activating other mechanisms to expel the virus or bacteria and keep them from getting farther into the body. Infectious rhinitis differs from other types of rhinitis in that it typically occurs with other symptoms such as body aches, fever, or an overall ill feeling.
Yes, there are various treatment options for rhinitis depending on the type and cause of your rhinitis. After a thorough history of your rhinitis symptoms and exam of your nasal passageways, the experienced providers at Northeast Atlanta ENT will discuss the possible causes of your rhinitis. Together you and your provider will determine what the best method of treatment is for you.
Some treatment options include: