Have you ever stood up too quickly and then felt dizzy? Have you felt nauseous while flying in an airplane or riding in a boat?
If you answered yes to either question, you may find comfort in knowing that our ENT doctors are experienced with treating dizziness and vertigo.
Dizziness is treatable. Our vertigo specialists at Northeast Atlanta ENT (with locations in Lawrenceville and Johns Creek/Suwanee) will help you determine the cause so that the correct treatment is implemented.
A person’s sense of balance is maintained by an intricate interaction of the following parts of the nervous system:
Vertigo is a particular type of dizziness. When people have vertigo, he or she experiences an illusion of movement of one’s self or the environment. Some people can experience dizziness in the form of motion sickness. Motion sickness is the nauseating feeling produced from the motion of riding in a boat, a roller coaster, or an airplane.
Motion sickness, vertigo, and dizziness are all related to a person’s sense of equilibrium and balance.
The 5 causes of dizziness include:
We will briefly discuss each…
The infection is due to a blockage of the eustachian tube. This can happen when a person has a cold, an allergy, or an upper respiratory infection. When the bacteria or a virus is present, this can lead to a build-up of pus and mucus behind the eardrum. This type of infection is called acute otitis media.
The implications of the pressurized pus build-up include: middle ear pain, redness, and swelling. Hearing problems may also occur because the eardrum will not vibrate properly.
Some medications or drugs can decrease the brain’s blood flow. Such medications or drugs include nicotine and caffeine. Also, excess salt in the diet can lead to poor circulation. Circulation can also be impaired by spasms in the arteries, which are caused by anxiety, tension, and emotional stress.
If the inner ear does not receive sufficient blood flow, a more specific form of dizziness and vertigo can occur. The inner part of the ear is very sensitive to minor changes in blood flow. In fact, all of the causes mentioned for poor circulation to the brain also pertain to the inner ear.
Lightheadedness occurs when the brain does not get a sufficient amount of blood flow. If a person stands up too quickly from a lying-down position, he or she may become lightheaded. People can also experience (either on a frequent or chronic basis) lightheadedness from poor circulation. The underlying cause could be arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). People who are susceptible are those with high blood pressure, high cholesterol (high levels of blood fats), or diabetes. Lightheadedness is sometimes evident in patients who have hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), anemia (low iron levels), or inadequate heart (cardiac) function.
There are a number of nerve diseases that can affect a person’s balance. Such diseases include syphilis, tumors, multiple sclerosis, etc. These are uncommon causes, but your ENT doctor might conduct tests for evaluation.
Vertigo is an unpleasant sensation to experience. People with vertigo feel like the world is rotating. It is usually associated with vomiting and nausea, and is caused by an issue with the inner ear. Vertigo treatments vary from person to person so be sure to get properly evaluated by an ENT specialist.
Vertigo can be caused by (in order):
It is very important that you call 911 or go to an emergency room if you experience:
Consult your doctor right away if you:
There are two types of treatments for dizziness:
In order to determine which treatment method you need, schedule an appointment with our ENT doctors.
Based on your symptoms and their causes, the doctor will determine the best treatment.
There are a number of tips to prevent dizziness:
Furthermore, if you are subject to motion sickness, you can use the following tips:
Most cases of dizziness and motion sickness are self-treatable and mild. However, if you have motion sickness that progressively gets worse or if you have a severe case of dizziness, see your doctor. Particularly choose a doctor who specializes in the diseases of the ear, nose, throat, equilibrium, and neurological systems.